Preparing the Land For the Farming Season

Preparing the Land For the Farming Season

Preparing the land is the first stage of crop production. Most farmers around the world are advocating for a natural way of farming i.e. using organic manure.

 

Because inorganic fertilizers have their draw-back. Inorganic fertilizer adversely affects the soil by polluting the soil and the environment.

 

Therefore farmers must devise a means of improving the soil by the use of organic manure when preparing the soil for the farming season.

 

With increasing urbanization and scarce land resource, farmers have to utilize the available farmland in a productive and effective way to increase food production.

 

The soil is the power bank that provides all the nutrients, organic matter, air, and water. The soil provides the lifeline between the plant and the nutrient the plant requires to flourish.

 

So a wise farmer can always devise a means of utilizing the little available land he has by putting it into use year in year out. Without affecting the fertility of the soil and its yielding capacity.

 

In communities, farmers have to make use of natural organic manure derive from livestock dung i.e cow and sheep. Into more productive use.

 

application of organic manure in preparing the land for the farming season

application of organic manure in preparing the land for the farming season

READ ALSO: Why I Love Farming, The Inherent Benefit

 

Importance of Land Preparation and Tillage with the application of organic manure

 

Soil preparation is the first step in the planting season.

preparing for the farming season

preparing for the farming season

Preparing the Land

Soil provides the base for any crop production activity. It nurtures the seed from germination to full plant growth and provides the foundation for crop multiplication and for the production of food and fiber.

Soil and vegetation exist in varying proportions in different parts of the world. One extreme, where practically no vegetation exists, constitutes a desert.

The other extreme is the tropical rain forest, which is characterized by a mixture of hard and softwood with or without dense underbrush. There many variations in the degree of vegetation cover between these two extremes.

Preparing the land for the production of food initially involves clearing the land of all bushes and trees so that it is possible to make use of equipment for other operations and thus allow the process of crop raising to be practiced.

Preparing the land involves plowing to “till” or dig-up, mix, and overturn the soil, harrowing to break the soil clods into smaller mass and incorporate plant residue, and leveling the field.

 

To ensure that the field is made ready for growing crops such as maize, yam, and other crops. Normally organic manure is spread on the field by the farmer beforehand.

 

 

preparing the land

Working the land

plowing the land

plowing the land

Followed by the plowing of the soil to mix the soil in preparation for the proper making of the ridges for planting most especially root crops such as yam cassava.

 

Recommended for you: Rice Plant, Production, Cultivation, and Uses

 

Tillage

One of the major objectives of tillage is to create optimum environmental conditions for plant growth.  This is achieved by providing a good seedbed, which involves breaking, stirring, turning, or conditioning the solid surface to a certain depth.

 

Tillage is classified as either primary or secondary. The initial breaking up of the soil is generally called primary tillage and subsequent operations carried out to break down the clods and prepare the seedbed ready for planting is called secondary tillage. 

 

Preparing the Land, why you need

  • To make the soil permeable transports organic material down deep into the soil, therefore, making organic manure available for absorption.

 

  • To serve as a medium where all soil nutrients are absorbed and utilize for the optimal use of the plant.

 

  • Create a conducive environment for plant growth.

 

Organic fertilizer

Most soils have been farmed year in year out therefore their fertility has been depleted rendering them unfit for crop production.

 

Farmers are obliged to use organic fertilizers considering the adverse and side effects of using inorganic fertilizer.

 

READ: Yam Tubers, Production, Cultivation and Uses

Young African farmer

Young local african farmer

The use of organic fertilizer in preparing the land for the farming season.

  • It improved crop yield.

 

  • They can be used more than one farming season.

 

  • They release their nutrients more slowly in the soil when the plants need them, so they last longer.

 

  • Increased soil carbon and reduced atmospheric carbon levels.

 

  • Reduced soil erosion and runoff.

 

  • Reduced nitrate leaching.

 

  • Ecologically and environmentally safe-no toxins, no pollution.

 

  • They are binding for, loosed soils. Such as sand, are held together better by a strong root system that nitrogen promotes. In this case, the fertilizer helps plants grow stronger and also helps slow erosion.

 

  • Reduced energy demands for natural gas-intensive nitrogen(N) fertilizers

 

 

                                                      

Leave a Reply

Pin It on Pinterest