black eye

The Right Approach in Treating and Handling a Black Eye

The Right Approach in Treating and Handling a Black Eye

Black eye

A lot could go wrong within a split second, the eyes are one of our most treasured possession for without them, we will have to depend on both humans and machines for guidance and aid. It becomes a serious necessity that we guide our eyes jealously.

So many things could go wrong from a heated augment that could lead to a serious confrontation and fight. Leading to the area around the eye being injured by a blow or strike.

A black eye can also occur as a result of walking into a door or some other object in the dark. An occupational hazard or road accident could also be responsible for a black eye

Whatever might be the course taking prompt action will go a long way in averting what might end up becoming a permanent disability.

Soon the skin around the eye turns black because many of the smaller blood vessels under the skin have been torn.

It is easy to laugh at such a person, but there is nothing funny about an injured eye, for even a light blow may damage the retina permanently.


examining the eye for injury


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What Causes a Black Eye?

The following reasons could be responsible or result in black eyes

  • When an object strikes the area surrounding the eyes( a moving object accidentally hit the eyes, a blow due to a fight)
  • Occupational hazards (sports, carpenter, plumbing, etc. protective gear should be worn at all times i.e protective eye goggles).
  • Insect bites
  • Surgical procedures that could lead to the black eye include
  1. cosmetic eye surgery
  2. nasal surgery
  3. jaw surgery, and
  4. nose surgery
  • other medical conditions that might lead to the black eye include
  1. sinus infections
  2. cellulitis (an infection around the eyes)
  3. Dental work and tooth infections
  4. Bleeding inside the eye, called hyphema


black eye


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How to Treat a Black Eye

  • Immediately apply cold water to the injured area. This will help to control the bleeding and relieve the pain.
  • You can wrap a small piece of ice in a thin cloth and apply this directly to the eye, keeping it there until the pain subsides and the swelling goes down.
  • For a more serious injury, pour some cracked ice into a rubber glove, tying shut the open part of the glove, and apply this to the eye, keeping it there several minutes at a time.
  • Repeat every fifteen or twenty minutes as long as necessary.
  • If the eyelids are swollen because of insect bites or infection, add one tablespoon of Epsom salts and an equal amount of ordinary salt to a pint of boiled water.
  • Warm this solution before applying it to the eyelid, but do not make it too hot.

Apart from an icy treatment, there isn’t much you can do except to avoid anything that could cause further injury.

Don’t put pressure on your eye or try to force it open. You can consult your doctor about the appropriate medicine to help relieve the pain.


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When to Consult Your Doctor

The following signs and symptoms indicate a more serious health condition that requires the services of an eye specialist or doctor (ophthalmologist).

He is to thoroughly examine the injured eye to make sure no significant injury or damage is done to the eye especially the retina.

  • Extreme and continuous pain inside the eye
  • Double vision
  • Changes in vision
  • Inability to move the eye
  • Seeing flashes especially when you close your eye
  • Temporary loss of eyesight
  • Blood on the surface of the eye itself
  • Any lacerations (cuts) to the eye area
  • Any signs of infection (for example, warmth, redness, pus-like drainage).
  • Headache

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