A man cooling off, during heat and sunstroke

Adverse Effect of Sunstroke and Heatstroke, and How to Effectively Manage the Situation

Sunstroke and Heatstroke

Sunstroke and heatstroke have a similar effect on the body. Sunstroke occurs when you are exposed to the sun i.e. direct heat rays from the sun.


Heatstroke on the other hand may arise from indoor heat plus low humidity when your body can not maintain the normal body temperature.


The inability of the body to sweat, which is the body’s way of releasing excess heat, may raise the individual’s temperature to above 105 oF (41oC) or more.


At first, the victim may be mentally confused and complain of a bad headache. Later he may become delirious.


Unless he is given help at once, his blood pressure may fall to a low level, and the pulse becomes rapid and weak.


heatstroke and sunstroke


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The best way to handle sunstroke and heatstroke is to try as much as possible to prevent it altogether.


  • Unless absolutely necessary avoid walking or working strenuously under a very sunny and hot weather condition (high temperatures).
  • One of the best ways to reduce the effect of heat is to wear loose clothes made from natural fibers such as cotton or linen, which allow your body to evaporate heat readily by sweating.
  • Water should be handy, it should be cold and refreshing. Especially during exercise and when you are engaged in strenuous work.
  • In hot weather conditions take cool baths or showers as much as you can.
  • You can soak a towel with cold water to cool your head and body.
  • Avoid enclosed work environment or rooms without proper inlet and outlet ventilation for fresh air (Air circulation).
  • Try to avoid the hot sun between 10 am and 4 pm


READ ALSO: Too Much Exercise, How Much Is Too Much.


A man cooling off, during heat and sunstroke


Symptoms and Danger Signal Heatstroke and Sunstroke


  • Bad headache
  • Rapid and weak pulse
  • Feeling very unwell and sick (vomiting).
  • Unable to sweat naturally despite the heat
  • The victim may become dizzy and delirious
  • Tiredness
  • Pale skin
  • Muscle weakness or cramps


Things You Can Do To Remedy Heatstroke and Sunstroke Before Help Comes

  • To be on the safer side send for a doctor at once.
  • Carry the victim to a cool environment as quickly as possible.
  • Keep him lying down.
  • Remove his outer clothing and apply ice bags or cold cloths to the head and neck, to help cool the brain and restore the temperature to normal.


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