washing hair with a shampoor

What You Need To Know About Dandruff, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Understanding Dandruff, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Dandruff is a common scalp condition that might be a little more embarrassing to both men and men at the barber’s shop or hair salon.


Many people believe that dandruff is caused by poor hygiene, but this is not true.


Although infrequent washing of the hair, and shampooing can make dandruff more visible.


When the hair is combed or brush, or when the scalp is scratched, these scales fall like “snow” on the shoulders.


Dandruff comes with scaling, in which the entire scalp may be covered with loose dry scales. Often there is itching as well, and the scalp may be red from scratching.


Scaly, itchy, and red patches on the skin on scalp, face, and other areas of the body  


What is at first thought to be dandruff may later prove to be some other condition, such as seborrheic dermatitis, or worse still psoraiasis, and even neurodermatitis.




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Causes of Dandruff


  • Oil production and secretion (oily skin)
  • Oily scalp
  • Infrequent washing of hair with shampoo resulting in poor hygiene
  • Extreme weather conditions (hot and humid or cold and dry)
  • Poor immune system
  • Underlying health conditions e.g Parkinson diseases.
  • Emotional or mental stress
  • Hereditary may run in some families


READ ALSO:Common Colds: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention.


Symptoms associated with dandruff include:

  • Visible white scales that fall on the shoulders
  • itching and scratching of the hair on your head
  • Oily scalp and facial skin with dry flakes
  • Rashes on the Eyebrow
  • Dry scales on the beard when shaving
  • Dry skin that fails to respond to numerous lotions and creams.
  • Dandruff can be found in areas of the body with hair follicles .e.g ears, face and middle of the chest
  • If there are red patches with bright, silvery scales on other parts of the body, such as over the knees or behind the elbows, the trouble may be due to psoriasis.


washing hair with a shampoor


  • The most effective way to treat and control dandruff is to use dandruff shampoo and scalp treatments.
  • Keep the hair and scalp clean with frequent shampoos.
  • Clean your comb and brush after each use.
  • If the scalp is covered with greasy scales, wash the hair thoroughly every day, using some good soap or medicated shampoo.


Frequent washing will not harm the hair. If necessary, you may use this good cleansing preparation under the supervision of a dermatologist or your pharmacist.

  • Resorcinol     
  • Salicycic acid
  • Glycerin           
  • selenium sulphide (or selenium sulfide)
  • ketoconazole

The very stubborn dandruff is best treated in the hospital.


  1. Oluwadara May 2, 2021

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